Does going to college really pay off? Certainly!
I remember taking 48 an English class in college on the short story. Our first assignment was to read 49 two short stories and then discuss which one was better. After reading both, I wasn’t sure. Over the 50 next several months, my professor taught me 51why one story was so much better than the other. 52 One was rich in metaphor（隐喻）and character development, while the other was humorous 53 but too shallow. I couldn’t see this at first. Yet, in a few months, my brain got reeducated and 54 I could see the difference between good and bad writing and could appreciate literature at a whole new level.
Going to college helps build a strong mind, which leads 55 to greater success in one’s life.
Parents are busy people. If they are working, they are usually not at home 48.when/after their children return from school. Sometimes it is necessary for a parent to write 49. an after-school note for their children. They sometimes put the note on the kitchen table, the refrigerator， 50. or another place where their children are sure to find it.
A note is often a 51. better way to "talk" with a child than using the telephone. For one thing, parents have time to think about 52. what they want to say before they write. 53. For another, the note lists all the information in one place. It is easy to read again and again People often forget all the details that 54. they hear in a telephone call. Finally, cell phones can be turned 55.off or telephone calls not answered. For these reasons, after-school notes are very popular with parents.
年份 体裁 冠词 数词 代词 介词 连词 其它
2010 说明文 1 0 1 2 3 1
2011 议论文 1 1 2 1 2 1
We need more men in our hospital, not as doctors, (1) as nurses. Over
the last few years, I have found that having male nurses is a real bonus, (2) they definitely have a place in our hospital. There are several reasons for waiting male nurses here, not only (3) half the population in our country is male. Men make excellent carers and are (4) as good as women at taking care of others. (5) , many men take good care of their children, wives, parents, sisters, brothers, and (6) their nieces and nephews.
解读：We need more men in our hospital, not as doctors, (1) but as nurses. Over the last few years, I have found that having male nurses is a real bonus, (2) and they definitely have a place in our hospital. There are several reasons for waiting male nurses here, not only (3) because half the population in our country is male. Men make excellent careers and are (4) equally as good as women at taking care of others. (5) Actually , ，many men take good care of their children, wives, parents, sisters, brothers, and (6) even their nieces and nephews.
e.g. We pollute habitats. ____illegally hunt and kill animals.
e.g. We must not only use our knowledge and abilities to manage the earth,but to make the Earth ____ safe and healthy place where ____ animals and plants--including humans
e.g.All these activities take resources and habitats away ____ plants and animals.
e.g.Human activities often changes ____destroys the habitats that plants and animals need to survive.
e.g. Shortly after,these pills ____ work and I was losing weight fast.
e.g. Animals and plants have always had a ________ time surviving.
e.g.Fortunately,we humans are beginning to realize our mistakes, __________
we could destroy everything on Earth.
1. Good health enables us to enjoy our life and achieve ____ we hope for in our career.
2.______ we all know, baked or fried food may be tasty, but eating too much of them will probably result in some illnesses.
3.When he knew his partner _______ suffered the same catastrophe never lost heart and that his days went on as colorfully as before, my friend asked him ______he could manage it.
1. To tell the teacher the truth could hurt the relationship between you and____.
2. CONCORDE, the world’s fastest traveler plane, will soon be over 33 years old.
___ first flew on 2 March, 1969 in France and Britain.
3. I lost my job. So I had to find another ____.(one/others)
4. Many people like to read the _________ newspaper home and abroad.(late/latter//latest)
5.Last year, she saw _____advertisement recruiting(征募) host families for foreign students.(a/the)
6. He looked __________at the children.
He looked _________at the news on the radio.(angry/angrily)
1.We are what we eat because what we eat every day has a great effect ____ our health.
2.Twenty have been built ______ far.
3. When you are optimistic and in ____ good mood, your future seems sunny and bright.
4. Only the rich could afford plates, so a flat piece of hard barley bread on the table was used instead for people who were ______ poor to buy plates.
1.So careless was I ________ I had forgotten all about that.
2. It was too long ________ the waitress came back and then she began to wipe down the table and suddenly was surprised at what she saw.
3. _____ is estimated that 30 to 40 miners are trapped underground.
4. Long ago _______ lived a man who did everything out of wishful thinking.
二、先易后难，尝试填空。在通读全文，基本把握文章大意之后，就可以动手填空了。主观填空的过程是一个判断空白处 应填词语的 “语义”和正确的语法“形式”的思维过程，要坚持从易到难的原则。根据我 们的英语知识积累和语感，有些答案可能不需 要过多的思考一眼就能看出来。如有关习惯用语、常用句式等，通常就可在这一步完成。遇到一时想不起来的空，先跳过去，不要用太多的时间停留 在一个单词上。填出容易的词语后，大意更趋明朗，语境更加清晰，有助于后面的难题的推敲和判断。
四、复读全文，确认答案。进行复查是必要的。复查的方法是将填好空的短文从头至尾通读一遍，以最后确定答案。这一步要解决两个问题 。第一是从语义和逻辑的角度审视全 文，看看所填单词语义上是否正确和最佳。检查一下所填单词是否能使文意上下连贯，前后照应，逻辑顺畅，能否自然地融入语篇。第二是从语法的角度审视全文，检查所填单词的词性和词形的正确性。从语法的角度看看所填词语词形变化是否正确。对自我感觉有问题的地方，要仔细揣摩，准确定夺。
①专有名词前用不定冠词，表示“像……的一个人或物”， a Napoleon;
②姓名前用不定冠词，表示“某个叫……的人”，多指不认识的人， a Miss Smith;
③ 用于某些物质名词前，表示“一种、一份、一阵”等，a tea and a coffee;
④用于某些抽象名词前，使抽象概念具体化。这种用法的名词有 a surprise/knowledge/success/failure/pleasure/interest/joy等等。
（3）. 冠词 的判断：根据冠词修饰名词这一特点，如果空格位于名词前(或名词前还有个形容词)时，该空格可能是填冠词。
例1：Of all the subjects, I like history the best because it gives us ______ useful knowledge of things in the past.
例2：Many lifestyle patterns do such great harm to health that they actually speed up ______ weakening of the human body.
例1：On my desk is a photo that my father to ok of ______ when I was a baby.
例2：Everyone round her was writing pages and pages. However hard she thought, she couldn't find ______ to write about.
例3：A young tiredlooking woman with a baby in her arms as ked to be allowed to visit her hus band in prison. A short time later, when her husband with chains on his feet took a seat beside her, her tired face lit up. I watched them laugh, cry, and share ______ child.
例4： — Which of the three ways shall I take to the village?
— ______ way as you please.
③表示起承转合的副词。此功能与关联词相似，只是这种副词在用法上更加灵活多变。典型的有though, however, also, therefore, still, besides, or，otherwise, first, second, then, finally等等。
3. 形容词 /副词的判断：
①根据形容词与连系动词连用及修饰名词的特点，如果空格前的动词是连系动词或空格在名词前(尤其是“冠词＋______ ＋ 名词”结构)时，该空可考虑填形容词；如果空格所填的词是修饰行为动词、形容词、副词、过去分词及整个句子(此时抽去空格，句意基本完整)，则考虑用副词。
例1：Soon it would be the holidays. But before that, there were the end of year exams. All the students had been w orking ______ for some time.
例2：A recent study found that dogs often yawned after watching people do it. In the study, a human researcher yawned in front of 29 dogs. More than 70 percent of the dogs yawned back. That finding shocked the researcher. The percentage is much ______ than humans' yawn response rate. Humans tend to “catch” 45% to 60% of yawns.
①各种从句(名词性从句、状语从句、定语从句)连词的基本用法及在语言环境中的活用；引导各种从句的从属连词：如名词性从句的引导词what, who, which, when, where, whatever, whoever, whichever, whether；状语从句引导词where, wherever, when, if, how, unless, until; 定语从句引导词that，which, who, whom, whoever, whomever, whichever, where, when, why 等。
④并列连词的基本意义及语法作用；并列句的各种关联词：如and, but, or, though, although, so等。
①设空前面为名词，后面的句子可能是定语从句或同位语从句。如是定语从句而从句缺主语或宾语时则该空应填关系代词that, which(先行词指物), who, whom(先行词指人)；如果空格前面的名词(即先行词)在定语从句中充当状语，应填where, when, why 等连接副词；作定语时用whose(whose＋ 名词＝the ＋名词＋of which)。如果是同位语 从句，则根据句意判断所缺连词。
a. 空格前面是句子，且有逗号与空格后的句子隔开，可考虑为非限制性定语从 句的连词，连词的选用同样根据先行词及先行词在句中的作用而定；若是前面的整个句子作先行词，连词用which 或as(这一点)。
b. 设空形式为：“……名词 ＋介词______……”时，多为“介词＋连词”引导的定语从句。
例：I'll never forget the days ______ I lived in the factory with the workers，______ is a great help to my article.
例：After the war，a new school building was set up ______ there has once been a theatre.
③设空前面为动词或短语动词，空格部分一般为宾语从句连词。从句缺主语或宾语时 则该空应填连接代词who, whom, what(所……的)；从句不缺少任何成分时，填that；从句缺少状语时，则应考虑填连接副词where, when, why等；或者根据前后句子 之间的逻辑意义，可填if/whether(是否)。系动词后为表语从句。
例1：We don't have to tell children ______ they should take from the story, just to make eye contact to create “a personal experience”.
例2：— I prefer shutt ing myself in and listening to music all day on Sundays.
— That's ______ I don't agree. You should have a more active life.
例：______ we will go outing depends on whether it is fine tomorrow. (2)并列连词的判断：
例：I loved the teacher. She had an unpleasant voice and way of speaking, ______ she was encouragi ng and inspirin g. For some reasons she was impressed with my work and me.
③设空形式为：……“名词 ______ 连词……”时，空格处要填介词。再根据语境填写恰当意义的介词。
例：People buy fruits ______ color.
1. When you are in England you must be careful in the street _______ the traffic drives on the left. …
When you go by bus in England, you have to be careful, _____.
2. Finishing their shopping at the supermarket, a middle-aged couple found _____ new car stolen….
To their surprise, the car had been returned and…
3.I sometimes order products or service online to save money and time instead of going to a store and buying_________ I’m looking for. For example, I bought a digital camera online the other day ____ saved about 50 dollars.
4 _______ I don’t do a job that’s heading somewhere, I’ll go mad.
一.1.we 2.the 3.by 4.and;and 5.did/could 6.difficult/hard;enough
二.But 1.what 2,As 3,which
三.1.him 2.It 3.one4.latest 5.an 6.angrily ;angry
四。1.on 2.so 3.a 4.too
五。1.that 2.before 3.It 4.there
1.because,too 2.their 3,what 4.If
3.第一轮复习时结合教材，培养语感，增强学生信心。课文复习中把重点短语与句子中的虚词部分通过填空形式进行强化训练，还可以充分利用 Module 1-11的话题短文设空练习这样既形成了完型二的解题思路，又巩固了课文加强了写作素材的积累。
1.._____a discount 打折 2.___ the hope that…希望 3. _______ferry 乘轮渡
4. _____ repair在修理中 5. _____ the authority of…在…的管理下 6. choke ____the traffic阻塞交通 choke _____death …致死 7. link____ ___ 和… 8. take notice ___ 注意到，关注
9. speed ____加速 10. keep _____ with the latest market price和最近市场价格并驾齐驱
11. arise ____ 起源于 12. function ____ 起…作用 13.be aimed _____旨在，针对
14. _____an orderly way有秩序地 15. burst _______ flames 突然燃烧起来
16. an invitation _____ accidents 事故的诱因; 17. ______ my expectations超出某人的想象
18. be fined for speaking ____ the phone ____ driving 因开车时打电话而被罚款
19. This is true ______everyone这对每个人来说是重要的.
20. pick ____and drop ___ people at different places ____ the route按照线路在不同地点接送乘客.
1.However, most trains into London ____ went to the distant boundary of the city _____ building railway tracks into the city would have caused damage to many historic buildings.
2.The storms washed away soil along the road _____ part of the road is still under repair
3.This is true of everyone _____ accidents affect drivers of vehicles as well as cyclists and pedestrians.
4._____ is up to all of us road users to make sure that we avoid accidents ____ paying attention to road safety.
5.There is no guarantee _____ you can get the particular ferry you want.
（相关话题完型） Public transport
As society develops, remarkable changes have taken place in the public transport. The development of _____offers us a more convenient life and meanwhile greatly promotes the development of the cities. Here arises a problem: should public transport be free to the public? As to it, some people hold the view _____all the public facilities should be free to and serve the public as well. But many people believe that the fees are necessary. As far _____ I am concerned, I agree with the latter .
First of all, the cost of maintenance of all the public transport is very huge. But _______every citizen accessible to public transport takes this responsibility, things will be easy. Secondly, proper fees can promote the awareness of valuing and protecting the infrastructure of the public. Who use the public transport? Undoubtedly, the public. ______ who eventually break it down and even destroy it? The public ____. So, clearly, everybody using the public transport should pay for and try to protect it, we can avoid a state of chaos caused by the free public transportation and we can gain _____ perfect social order in turn.
In my opinion, we all have to contribute _____ society and try our best to support the public transport. And besides, we consume, we pay the bill. Therefore, I think the fees should be required.
主格nominative 宾格accusative 主格nominative 宾格accusative
第一人称 I me we us
第一人称 第二人称 第三人称 第一人称 第二人称 第三人称
adjectival possessive pronoun
名词性 物主代词nominal possessive pronoun
第三人称 himself herself itself
含义 数量 名词的数 动词的数 语气
both 都 2 复数 复数
all ≧3 单数或复数 单数或复数
二．none, nothing, nobody ( no one )
1 既可指人又可指物且表特指概念的是____________, 它可用于回答how many, how much引导的疑问句。
2 只能指人且表泛指概念的是_____________, 它可回答who引导的疑问句。
3 只能指物且表泛指概念的是_____________, 它可回答what引导的疑问句。
4 _____________ of these girls is from Canada.
5 —Do you have any money? —_____________.
—Can you see anything in the room? —_____________.
—Can you see anybody in the room? —_____________.
三．one, another, other, the other, some, others, the others
1 I have two books here. __________________ is about politics, and __________________ is about history.
2 I have bought a book now. Can you lend me __________________ one/ book?
3 I have many books here. __________________ are about politics, and __________________ are all about history.
4 Some people like running while __________________ prefer to swim.
1 Would you please make it some other day / another day?
2 I have no other close friends like him.
3 I’ll stay at home for another 3 days / 3 more days.
4 We have ordered enough equipment. Some will arrive tomorrow, and the rest, next week.
四．one, ones, the one, the ones, that, those
1 She gave me a gift, ___________ that I have never seen.
2 She gave me many gifts, ___________ that I have never seen.
3 My most famous relative of all, _____________ who really left his mark on America, was Red Sussel, my great-grandfather.
4 The book he gave me is better than _________________ on the desk.
5 The books he gave me are better than ________________ on the desk.
6 The bread I bought tastes better than _______________ on the table.
五．many, much, few, little, a few, a little
1 He is nothing but a singer. (only )
2 He is anything but a singer. (definitely not)
3 He is someone. (an important person)
4 He is something. (a very excellent person)
that, which, who, whom, whose, of whom, of which, as它们在定语从句中主要充当 ______, _______ , ______或______.
when, where, why, how 它们在定语从句中充当 ____________。
1 我认识那个叫汤姆的男孩。I know the boy _______________ name is Tom.
2 长沙是我们所居住的城市。Changsha is the city _______________ we are living.
3 这套房子以他所期待的低价出售了。The flat was sold at such a low price _________________ he expected.
that, whether / if 它们在名词性从句中不充当任何成分。
who, whom, whose, what, which, whoever, whomever, whosever, whatever, whichever它们在名词性从句中主要充当 _________, __________ , _________或_________.
when, where, why, because, how, whenever, wherever, however它们在名词性从句中充当 ____________。
1 She is very dear to us. We have been prepared to do _____________ it takes to save her life.
2 I’d like to speak to _____________ is in charge of International Sales.
3 I’d like to speak to anyone _____________ is in charge of the frim.
1 引导原因状语从句的连词： ______________, _______________, ______________ …
2 引导结果状语从句的连词： ________________, _______________, ______________ …
3 引导目的状语从句的连词：so (that), in case, for fear that, lest
4 引导比较状语从句的连词：______________________, ______________________ …
5 引导让步状语从句的连词：although, though, as, while, no matter what, whatever …
6 引导条件状语从句的连词：_________, ______________, ______________,_________ …
since, when, while, as, after, before, (not)…until the first / second / last time (that) …
as soon as, immediately, directly, instantly, the moment/ minute/ instant (that) …, hardly/ scarcely…when, no sooner…than
and, but, or ，as well as, not only…but also, both … and…, either … or…, neither…nor…, not…but…, whether…or… …
相反，然而：however in contrast instead nevertheless on the contrary on the other hand
而且，也：also on top of something above all besides furthermore in addition moreover
因此：therefore as a result
一来 …… 二来 ……(表解释原因)：for one thing - - - for another - - -
1.When I see a child subject to this kind of pressure, I think of Donnie. He was ________ shy , nervous perfectionist.
2. There once were a goat and a donkey…. So the farmer killed __________ goat and gave the donkey medicine made from its heart.
3.The little boy pulled ________ right hand out of the pocket …
1. When I took the money from her grandparents, I looked back _________the girl, who was giving me the most optimistic, largest smile I had ever seen.
2. Many of the cars broke down on the course and some drivers spent more time under their cars than ___ them.
3.If you’re ______ the more than one million workers who have been laid off this year, finding a new job will require a strategy that differs from a typical search.
1. In the morning and in the evening when people go to or come from work, the streets are very ____.
2. What people like to eat differs from culture to culture. Compared with people in the west, Chinese people used to eat more grain and vegetables, and ______ meat, which is a good eating habit.(little/less)
1.One of the_______ gift choices I ever made was for my high school English teacher, which made him very unhappy.
2. The little boy pulled ______ right hand out of the pocket…
A.a ;the ;his B.at;in;among C.busy;less D.worst.his
1.I’m sorry to know you have such a difficult problem. I think your classmate was supposed to
study hard instead of cheating in the examination.I’m afraid that he can’t make _1_ progress by doing this,or worse.
I think you have the responsibility to help _2_ as his classmate. _3_ don’t you find a chance to have a talk with him?You can tell him the harmful effects of cheating _4_ encourage him to study hard.You can also tell him that the teacher’s praise is not everything.
The most important thing is _5_ he can learn .Therefore,if he doesn’t follow your advice,you
can report _6_ to the teacher . After all, the teacher is a person _7_ deserves to know the truth. Maybe the teacher can help him in a different way.
Finally,I hope you can be happy again,and your classmate can be a student,__8__ who is
honest and hardworking.
1. any 2.him 3.Why 4.and 5.what 6.it 7.who 8.one
2. A proverb says, “Time is money”. But in my opinion, time is even 1 ____ precious than money. Why? 2 _______ when money is spent, we can earn it back. However, when time is gone , it will never return. 3 _____ is known to all that the time we can use is limited. Therefore we should make 4_________ use of our time to study hard so as to serve our country in 5 _____ future.
But it is a pity that there are a lot of people 6 _____ do not realize the value of time. 7 ________spend their precious time smoking, drinking and playing.
In a word, we should form the good habit of saving time. Do not put off 8 _____ can be done today till tomorrow.
1.more ; 2.because 3.It 4.good/full 5.the 6.who 7.They 8.what